Wednesday, September 26, 2007

Difference between HR Management & Industrial Relations

Human Resource Management:
  • There are only two important parties namely employee and employer.
  • Formulation of objectives, policies, procedure and programs of human resources and implement them.
  • Individual employee contacts with the immediate superior.
  • Grievance and disciplinary procedures are resorted to, to solve the employee-employer conflicts.
  • Reformulates the objectives, policies etc ,based on industrial conflicts which are the outcome of unsound industrial relations.
  • Human Resource Management (HRM) is the overall management of all resources including workers, staff, executives, Top management and even suppliers and customers.

Industrial Relations:

Industrial Relations (IR) in practice are the relations between actual work force and management of the organization.

Given below are some of the salient features of IR:
  • The implementation of HRM policies results in IR.
  • There are four important parties namely employees, employer, trade unions and government
  • The sound IR contributes to the organizational goals. The unsound IR result in industrial conflicts demanding for change and reformulation of HRM objectives and goals
  • Employees contact even the top management as a group.
  • Collective bargaining and forms of industrial conflicts are resorted to solve the problems
  • Industrial relations are governed by the system of rules and regulations concerning work, workplace and working community.
  • The main purpose is to maintain harmonious relations between employees and employer by solving their problems through grievance procedure and collective bargaining.
  • Trade Unions is another important institution in the Industrial relations. Trade unions influence and shape the industrial relations through collective bargaining.
  • Industrial relations are the relations mainly between employees and employers.
  • These relations emphasis on accommodating other parties interest, values and needs. Parties develop skills of adjusting to and cooperating with each other.


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