Friday, August 6, 2010

The 14 Management Principles from Henri Fayol

1.Division of Work. Specialization allows the individual to build up experience, and to continuously improve his skills. Thereby he can be more productive.

2.Authority. The right to issue commands, along with which must go the balanced responsibility for its function.

3.Discipline. Employees must obey, but this is two-sided: employees will only obey orders if management play their part by providing good leadership.

4.Unity of Command. Each worker should have only one boss with no other conflicting lines of command.

5.Unity of Direction. People engaged in the same kind of activities must have the same objectives in a single plan. This is essential to ensure unity and coordination in the enterprise. Unity of command does not exist without unity of direction but does not necessarily flows from it.

6.Subordination of individual interest (to the general interest). Management must see that the goals of the firms are always paramount.

7.Remuneration. Payment is an important motivator although by analyzing a number of possibilities, Fayol points out that there is no such thing as a perfect system.

8.Centralization (or Decentralization). This is a matter of degree depending on the condition of the business and the quality of its personnel.

9.Scalar chain (Line of Authority). A hierarchy is necessary for unity of direction. But lateral communication is also fundamental, as long as superiors know that such communication is taking place. Scalar chain refers to the number of levels in the hierarchy from the ultimate authority to the lowest level in the organization. It should not be over-stretched and consist of too-many levels.

10.Order. Both material order and social order are necessary. The former minimizes lost time and useless handling of materials. The latter is achieved through organization and selection.

11.Equity. In running a business a ‘combination of kindliness and justice’ is needed. Treating employees well is important to achieve equity.

12.Stability of Tenure of Personnel. Employees work better if job security and career progress are assured to them. An insecure tenure and a high rate of employee turnover will affect the organization adversely.

13.Initiative. Allowing all personnel to show their initiative in some way is a source of strength for the organization. Even though it may well involve a sacrifice of ‘personal vanity’ on the part of many managers.

14.Esprit de Corps. Management must foster the morale of its employees. He further suggests that: “real talent is needed to coordinate effort, encourage keenness, use each person’s abilities, and reward each one’s merit without arousing possible jealousies and disturbing harmonious relations.”

6 comments:

  1. Hi there! Do yοu use Twittеr? ӏ'd like to follow you if that would be okay. I'm definitely enjoying your blog and look forward to nеw updates.


    Have a lοok at my page; no hands seo results
    My webpage: go

    ReplyDelete
  2. I have been surfing online greater than 3 hours lately,
    yet I never found any attention-grabbing article like yours.
    It's lovely value sufficient for me. Personally, if all webmasters and bloggers made just right content as you did, the internet will be much more helpful than ever before.

    Look into my web blog ... engineering of minerals processing

    ReplyDelete
  3. Hoωdy! Thіs blog post could not be wгitten much betteг!

    Goіng through this post гeminds me of mу
    prеvious roommate! He constantly kept talκing about this.
    ӏ аm gоing to forward this агtіcle to him.
    Fairly certain he will hаve a vеry good геaԁ.
    Thanks for sharing!

    Feel free to surf to mу page :: http://videopediaworld.com/

    ReplyDelete
  4. I savor, lead to I found exactly what I used to be taking a look for.
    You've ended my 4 day lengthy hunt! God Bless you man. Have a nice day. Bye

    Also visit my blog: Pure GCE Reviews

    ReplyDelete
  5. What's up Dear, are you genuinely visiting this website on a regular basis, if so afterward you will absolutely obtain fastidious experience.

    My webpage creighton University

    ReplyDelete
  6. Does your website have a contact page? I'm having problems locating it but, I'd like to shoot you an email.
    I've got some suggestions for your blog you might be interested in hearing. Either way, great site and I look forward to seeing it grow over time.

    Have a look at my web-site - Muscle REv Xtreme Supplement

    ReplyDelete