Wednesday, March 24, 2010

Differences between Human Resource Management (HRM) and Human Resource Development (HRD)

1. HRM is a subset of the entire management processes of an organization. HRD is a subset of HRM.

2. Scope of HRM is wider. Scope of HRD as compared to HRM is narrower.

3. HRM manages and develops the human elements of an organization in its entirety on longer term basis. HRD focuses on those learning experiences which are organized for a specific period to bring about the desired behavioral changes.

4. HRM emphasizes that employees, their abilities and their attitudes constitute an important organizational resource that should be used effectively and efficiently to achieve organizational as well as employees' goals. HRD emphasizes mainly on training and development of employees.

5. HRM takes decisions on HRD plans. HRD thus depends on the decisions of HRM.

6. HRM at its center has HRD. HRD's cooperation is important for overall success of HRM. HRD has to work within the realm of HRM and therefore, it's objectives should be in tandem with the broader objectives of HRM. Thus, HRM and HRD are interdependent.

7. HRM takes care of all the human needs and tries to satisfy these needs so that the employees are motivated from all the angles to contribute their best to achieve organizational goals. HRD focuses on upgrading the skills and competencies of the employees in order to improve the performance of the employees on the job.

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